The architect is at partner at OMA, a Dutch architectural firm founded by Rem Koolhaas. De Graaf is responsible for a number of building projects in Europe, Russia, Scandinavia, and the Middle East. He directs the work of AMO, the research and design studio established as a counterpart to OMA’s architectural practice. Over the last several years, he has overseen OMA’s planning work in several emerging cities and led AMO’s research on the Megacity, coining in 2011 the term Megalopoli(tic)s.
Foster is one of the most prolific architects of our day and age and a pioneer of sustainable architecture. In 1999, he was awarded the Pritzker Architecture Prize – the highest award in architecture. Foster has designed or restored buildings like the Reichstag in Berlin, the Hearst Tower in NYC, the „Gherkin“ in London or the Tower 2 of the new World Trade Center in NYC.
Witold Rybczynski, an architect and writer, was born in Edinburgh and now lives in Philadelphia where he is professor emeritus at the University of Pennsylvania. He served for eight years on the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, which reviews memorials in Washington, D.C. His latest book is How Architecture Works; a collection of his essays, Mysteries of the Mall, will be published by Farrar, Straus & Giroux this fall. Follow him at witoldrybczynski.com.
Present-day memorials have taken on dimensions like never before. They occupy considerable amounts of public space and serve a pedagogic mission. Yet, this focus on shared experiences and public education has betrayed memorials’ primary function: contemplative, private reflection.
Sir Norman Foster is the mastermind behind some of the world’s most iconic buildings. With Max Tholl, he discussed how architecture helps us communicate, where our fascination with bigness stems from, and why we need to do more with less.