Architecture is an expression of values. Norman Foster


The Philosophical Salon


The Philosophical Salon

True to the tradition of public intellectual engagement, the Philosophical Salon is a place where contemporary thinkers can discuss today’s crucial issues. In cooperation with our two columnists and editors of the Philosophical Salon, philosopher Michael Marder and literary and cultural theorist Patricia Vieira, The European brings you leading intellectuals from across the world and their reflections on things that matter to us all.

In Pursuit of the Beautiful Soul

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“The Beautiful is not different from the Good: The Beautiful is the Good that shows itself to us pleasingly veiled. —Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

by Justine Kolata

A Renaissance of Salon Culture

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What is the history of salon culture? How did the salon contribute to the formation of a European public sphere? In what ways did salons create new forms of community through culture and ideas? What lessons can be learned for communication, discursive action and human interaction today? These are questions we must consider in envisioning new forms of participatory democracy in the 21 st century.

by Justine Kolata

Power in the 21st Century


Who’s Got The Power?

Power is a fundamental resource of human interaction. Be it on the political level or on the societal level: power shapes our relations. But the nation-state is no longer the only game in town. New powers are rising and the global power balance is reaching a tipping point.

Trump’s visit to Mexico, the costs of stupidity.

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Thursday, protestors will gather in Mexico City’s main square to demand the resignation of president Enrique Peña Nieto. The selected date is charged. The 15th of September is Mexican Independence Day, the most important in the national calendar.

by Alan Grabinsky

The digital Revolution in Europe

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50 entertaining questions about the digital Revolution in Europe.

by Oliver Schmidt

Project W

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In the face of thriving nationalism, terrorism and upcoming wars Europe and the US need to build a strong alliance – otherwise they will not only harm themselves but one another.

by Nils Heisterhagen

Sinking Statesmanship

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The ship of global governance is weak and leaky. It desperately needs fixing if it wants to stand a chance in the troubled waters that lie ahead.

by Nancy Birdsall

Moving away from cold war era strategies


How to Weaken a Dictator

The historic opening of US-Cuban relations marks a major reversal of cold war era policies that maintained sanctions on undemocratic nations. Was it a misstep or long overdue, and will the US take a softer approach with rogue nations in the future?

The fallout of Russia’s Syria campaign in the North Caucasus

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Throughout spring 2016, the news coverage on war-torn Syria had been without doubt overwhelmingly dominated by the strong symbolic message sent by the Damascene regime by gaining ground against Islamic State as it recaptured the ancient city of Palmyra in the Syrian desert. Within the broader picture, the incident also provides valuable insight into a less tangible strategic enterprise of Russia.

by Sebastian Maier

The same tired arguments

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Despite his conservative critics, Obama’s opening to Cuba is as significant as Nixon’s opening to China in 1972. The arguments against this step forward just don’t pass muster.

by William LeoGrande

Back to normal

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President Obama seeks to strengthen his historical legacy by reaching out to Cuba, but can he succeed where Presidents Ford and Carter have failed?

by Susan Purcell

A white rose for the Cuban people

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The U.S. embargo of Cuba is less a political issue than a humanitarian one. The Revolution is ending, and the U.S. must be present to help the Cuban people choose their future freely.

by Pedro Freyre

The Future of the EU


A Model, Or A Curse?

Sixty years after the beginnings of the European idea, the EU is in trouble. Debt and currency crises have eroded confidence into the European project while member states remain hesitant to transfer power to Brussels. Yet historically, crisis has always resulted in further integration.

Has UK Politics hit fast forward?

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Just over a week ago the UK’s latest Prime Minister was revealed. The leadership contest, sparked by the country’s vote to leave the EU and expected to last weeks, was over in just days. Is this a reflection of the UK’s political environment post Brexit? Matthew Amroliwala from the BBC reflects on covering the day David Cameron waved good bye and Theresa May embarked on her premiership.

by Matthew Amroliwala

On Brexit, from the East

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We do not know whether Brexit will bring about more harm or benefit for Europe. It is a sad moment to see a great European country leaving the Union, and it also raises questions about the future of the UK as a mid-ranked European power and, indeed, as a united kingdom. The EU may come out of this turmoil institutionally strengthened, and its Eastern member states may be especially better off.

by Zoltán Ádám

“These Britons are crazy!”

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“These Britons are crazy!” is no longer just the familiar saying from the Asterix comics. On Friday morning, the news that the British really do want a divorce from the EU, analysts often did little more than invoke in incomprehension the bon mots from ‘Asterix’. By mid-morning, ‘Google News’ featured approximately 1,800 German articles that included the German version of the quote.

by Thomas Weber

Britain’s big divorce?

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Brexit would affect foreign net contributors to Britain’s welfare state—and their British partners

by Andreas Edel

US Presidential Election


This Land Is Your Land

A European perspective on American electoral politics.

The secret to winning elections and becoming US President

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The rationale that explains the popularity and longevity of fictional characters such as detective Columbo also helps predict election outcomes and forecast the likely winner in the race for the White House

by Christian Schnee

Let's Talk About Class

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America likes to talk about race, but not about class.

by Martin Eiermann

Commander-in-Chief v the World

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Regardless of who wins the US presidential election, two things will remain largely unchanged: America’s foreign policy and the country’s role in the world.

by Katty Kay

Private Interests and Public Policy

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Mitt Romney is a cold-hearted capitalist. That’s the message that the Obama campaign wants to convey. But the entrepreneurial spirit is deeply embedded in American culture.

by E.F. Kaeding

Has Globalization peaked?


Growing Smaller

With political nationalism and economic protectionism on the rise, it is time to ask: Has globalization reached its peak and will we witness a retreat behind national borders?

Transforming education in the digital age

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Digitization’s impact on learning is comparable only to the changes wrought by the printing press and compulsory education

by Jörg Dräger

The globalization of suffering

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Pictures of suffering and dying are spread in real time; globalization has thereby reached the most intimate sphere of human life.

by Iavor Rangelov

Before the collapse

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The latest protests against the globalization are of a new quality: The managers are getting nervous – and rightly so.

by Harold James

The world is mountainous

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Globalization is in full swing. The best proof of this are the attempts to stop it.

by George Ritzer
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