We are the grit in the oyster. John Major


The Philosophical Salon


The Philosophical Salon

True to the tradition of public intellectual engagement, the Philosophical Salon is a place where contemporary thinkers can discuss today’s crucial issues. In cooperation with our two columnists and editors of the Philosophical Salon, philosopher Michael Marder and literary and cultural theorist Patricia Vieira, The European brings you leading intellectuals from across the world and their reflections on things that matter to us all.

Being Human Matters

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How do we define what is human and what is not?

by Alice Crary

Deadly Hesitation

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The notion of the universality of human rights is morally undeniable. Why do we struggle to act on them?

by Michael Allen Gillespie

Power in the 21st Century


Who’s Got The Power?

Power is a fundamental resource of human interaction. Be it on the political level or on the societal level: power shapes our relations. But the nation-state is no longer the only game in town. New powers are rising and the global power balance is reaching a tipping point.

Project W

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In the face of thriving nationalism, terrorism and upcoming wars Europe and the US need to build a strong alliance – otherwise they will not only harm themselves but one another.

by Nils Heisterhagen

Sinking Statesmanship

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The ship of global governance is weak and leaky. It desperately needs fixing if it wants to stand a chance in the troubled waters that lie ahead.

by Nancy Birdsall

Biting The Hand That Feeds Us

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Energy is key in the global struggle for power. Depleting our natural resources will precipitate our downfall.

by Ian Morris

The New Middle Ages

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The power of the nation-state is in freefall. The new balance of power is not written in the stars but in the history books.

by Parag Khanna

Austerity in Europe



Years of austerity have left their mark on Europe: budget deficits have shrunk, reforms have been delayed, and the social costs of cuts are increasingly visible.

Something to celebrate

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The possibility of a “Europe” worth dreaming of was saved, for sure. But Europe didn’t save itself. Greece took a bullet for the rest of us.

by Adam Donen

Why Marxism fails in the Eurozone

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Yanis Varoufakis dubbed himself an “erratic Marxist” and presented his interpretation of Marx in detail. But his dialectical spirit is unlikely to succeed.

by Jasper Finkeldey

Lessons from the crisis

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We Europeans face a historic choice: either we further develop Europe as a single political entity, or we recede from the limelight.

by Andreas Moring

A new Volkspartei

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After his overwhelming success, the big question is how good a diplomat Mr. Tsipras is.

by Xenia Kounalaki



Bits, not Bullets

Warfare is no longer relegated to the battlefield. Through hacker attacks, viruses and system shutdowns, nations around the globe are using the internet to spy on their enemies and launch attacks on their network infrastructure. We need an reform of the international legal system to address digital warfare.

Let's get it right!

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When it comes to cyber protections, Europe is a patchwork: Passing only national laws and lacking in cooperatin with the corporate sector, the EU members undermine their cybersecurity. It’s time to get it right.

by Thomas Boué

Virtual Threats to Real Oil

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One of the world’s most vital industries is virtually unguarded against digital attacks.

by Joseph Hammond

As likely as a visit from E.T.

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The idea of a coming cyberwar is nonsense. The attention given to the topic only distracts us from bigger issues. Instead of gambling on a future of electronic warfare, we must continue to develop conventional defense technologies.

by Myriam Dunn Cavelty

Wild Wild Web

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International law is poorly equipped to deal with technological change. Cyberwars are just as dangerous as conventional warfare – yet there is no legal framework to guide us and to limit our enemies.

by Marco Gercke

The Great TTIP Debate


Transatlantic Trade and Investment Panic?

The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) would secure Euro-American trade dominance. Or bring about Europe’s neoliberal demise, depending on whom you ask.

Raising the Rhetoric

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The debate in Europe surrounding TTIP relies on faulty critique on one side, and unsubstantiated promises on the other. Citizens on both sides of the Atlantic deserve better.

by Jocelyn Lequesne

Introducing the Next Transatlantic Chapter

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TTIP is more than a trade deal. It’s an opportunity to cement the Euro-Atlantic geopolitical alliance and restore faith in the Western model of market economies.

by Jacob Schrot

The Culture of Charity


Why Do We Give?

Charitable giving is seen by some as an integral part of the human condition, a reflection of our empathy and compassion. Yet charity is practiced differently across cultures, religions, and worldviews. Why do we give, and what role does charity play in our varied societies?

Dutch Charity Lotteries

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The specifics of Dutch history have lead to a Netherlands which, despite a modern government active in social issues, maintains a strong culture of private charitable giving.

by Marieke van Schaik

What Shapes Charity Culture in the UK?

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The culture of charity and giving in the UK is shaped by three key factors: state structures, citizens’ religious backgrounds, and the country’s industrial and colonial history.

by Alex Swallow

Making Zakat Relevant in the West

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Zakat is a form of alms mandated by Islamic scripture. The coordination of this massive giving project has taken several forms throughout history. In today’s western world, Muslim charities play a central role.

by Amal Imad

Why Are Some Countries More Generous?

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Even when the economic development of a country is taken into account, some nations seem far more generous in their charitable giving than others. What factors explain these national variations?

by Adam Pickering
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